Many of us do not know how to listen to the voice of God in Scripture, because we are trained to view the Bible as a series of verses strung together like pearls on a string, each having its own meaning in itself. We were trained to resort to that treasure trove whenever we felt a need for something from it, plucking the gem that satisfies our quest at the moment… isolated verses have become “God’s will” for us in the circumstances, or they serve as magic words that we use on God to try to manipulate him, or as levers that we employ to get what we want from God… we hamper ourselves from truly hearing God’s word. ~John H. StekThere are two ways people approach scripture: The first is called deductive study, meaning a person comes to a text in the Bible already with a theses in mind and is seeking out verses or passages to support their endeavor. It's the coming to scripture with an opinion of your own and finding verses that will back it up. The second approach, is inductive study. This is when we come to scripture believing that God's word is our defining truth, and we then align ourselves under it. It's coming to the Bible with the understanding that we sit under it, not over it. We're creatures, not the Creator, therefore it's the opposite of the former mode of study and interpretation. Inductive study is the most ideal of the two in our studying.
Deductive interpretation can easily take scripture out of it's context, making it out to mean something that it actually doesn't mean at all. Inductive interpretation "[lays] aside preconceived ideas... [it] seeks to let Scriptures speak for themselves and studies the Scriptures in context" (Unknown).
'Hermeneutics' may be just a word you hear a seminary student, pastor, or (maybe) your literature or philosophy professor talk about, but it's an important word for us students (disciples) of the scripture to know too. Essentially, it's how one goes about interpreting the Bible; liken it to an art form if you will.